LPWA stands for Low-Power-Wide-Area and they are networks that are expected to play an important role in serving the IoT market because of lower cost module hardware, reduced service costs, smaller form factors, improved battery life, and coverage enhancements.

LPWANs use less power consumption and cover a wide geographic area.  The networks can be delivered over licensed dedicated spectrum using 3GPP standards or via unlicensed spectrum using open or proprietary standards.